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The Vulgar Latin dialect that would later become Romanian diverged somewhat more from the other varieties, as it was largely cut off from the unifying influences in the western part of the Empire.
One key marker of whether a given Romance feature was found in Vulgar Latin is to compare it with its parallel in Classical Latin.
It is attested both in inscriptions and in some of the earliest extant Latin literary works, such as the comedies of Plautus and Terence.
The Latin alphabet was devised from the Etruscan alphabet.
Today, many students, scholars and members of the Catholic clergy speak Latin fluently as a liturgical language.
Latin is a highly inflected language, with three distinct genders, seven noun cases, four verb conjugations, four verb principal parts, six tenses, three persons, three moods, two voices, two aspects and two numbers.
There are no hard and fast rules of classification; different scholars emphasise different features.Philological analysis of Archaic Latin works, such as those of Plautus, which contain snippets of everyday speech, indicates that a spoken language, Vulgar Latin (termed sermo vulgi, "the speech of the masses", by Cicero), existed concurrently with literate Classical Latin.The informal language was rarely written, so philologists have been left with only individual words and phrases cited by classical authors and those found as graffiti.Vulgar Latin developed into Romance languages, 6th to 9th centuries; the formal language continued as the scholarly lingua franca of Catholic countries and medieval Europe and as the liturgical language of the Catholic Church. Without proper rendering support, you may see question marks, boxes, or other symbols instead of Unicode characters.For an introductory guide on IPA symbols, see Help: IPA.) is a classical language belonging to the Italic branch of the Indo-European languages.